Art of Don ca tai tu music and song in the South of Viet Nam is a specific folk art type of Viet Nam, developed in the South region in the late nineteenth century. People in Southern Viet Nam consider Don ca tai tu as an indispensible spiritual cultural activity in festivals, death anniversary rituals and celebratory social events like weddings and birthdays… The death anniversary of the ancestors held annually on the twelfth day of the eighth lunar month.
Art of Don ca tai tu music and song in the South of Vietnam
It has been influenced by some other forms of cultural heritage from the Central and South of Viet Nam such as ceremonial music (nhac le), classical theatre and folk song (hat boi). The repertoire is based on 20 principal songs (bai to) and 72 classical songs (bai nhac co). UNESCO recognized officially it as Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
Instruments for performance include the moon-shaped lute (kim), two-stringed fiddle (co), 16-string zither (tranh), pear-shaped lute (ty ba), percussion (song lang), monochord (bau) and bamboo flute (sao). The violin and guitar are adapted. Don ca tai tu is performed within hereditary musical families and by music ensembles and clubs. The audience can join practicing, making comments or creating new song texts.